REPORT TEXT AND EXERCISES
Gold is a precious metal. Gold is used as ornaments or as money.
Gold is found in many places, but in a small supply. It is often found on the surface of the earth. Since gold is a heavy substance, it is sometimes found loose on the bottom of rivers. The gold is found together with sand and rocks, and must be separated from them. It is simple to search for this type of gold.
It is not usually necessary to drill for gold, but when a layer of gold is located deep below the surface of the earth, it is possible to drill a hole into the ground. Engineers have developed modern process for removing gold from rocks.
Since gold is not very hard, it is sometimes melted and added to other substances for making rings, coins, and art objects. It will be priced forever because it is beautiful, rare, and useful.
1. The best title of the text above is ….. ?
a. Gold b. Type of Gold c. Previous Metal
d. Rare Ornaments e. Removing Gold from Rocks
2. The following are associated with gold, EXCEPT …..?
a. useful b. Precious c. Beautiful d. Expensive e. unnecessary
3. The text above is mainly intended to …. about gold.
a. discuss b. Classify c. Describe d. Elaborate e. document
4. “It will be priced forever because….” (Paragraph 4)
The underlined word means ……?
a. valuable b. Worthless c. interesting
d. wonderful e. eye catching
Many people imagine the sea-horse to be real horse living in the sea. This is not true at all. The sea-horse is so called because it is a tiny creature with a horse – liked head which lives in the sea.
Sea – horse are found mostly in warm seas. They have a long, flexible tail which is used for wrapping around weeds for support. They swim I upright position, their movements being helped by a rapidly oscillating fin on their back. The male sea – horse lays her eggs in this pouch.
The most remarkable thing about the sea – horse is that part of the process of reproduction is taken over by the male creature. One the female sea – horse has laid her eggs in the male creature’s pouch, she leaves. The hatching of the egg is done by the male fish.
Mating begins with the male and the female sea – horses doing courtship dance. The male and female creatures swim around each other in circles. At the end of the dance, the male appears to bow to its partner; but in actually, the male is banding to pump water from his pouch. Next, the female fish lays eggs into the male’s pouch. About two hundred eggs are laid. The pouch, then close up. The female sea-horse now swims away, leaving the male sea-horse to do hatching.
The eggs are hatched about a month later. The young sea-horses are ejected from the male creature’s pouch by means of muscular contractions.
The sea – horse feeds on tiny fish the creatures sucking them into its month.
1. What is the purpose of the text?
a. to inform readers the sea – horse’s process of reproduction
b. to persuade readers to breed the sea – horse
c. to explain how to bread the sea – horse
d. to describe a particular sea – horse
e. to describe a particular sea horse
2. What do you think about the sea horse’s reproduction process.......?
a. Amazing b. Exciting c. Peculiar
d. Strange e. Unique
3. The male sea horse has a pouch in its abdomen to ….?
a. hatch the eggs
b. feed the baby sea horse
c. eject the young sea horses
d. keep some food for its babies
e. pump water from its abdomen
Forests are very important for their products. They are also important to keep the soil fertile and to prevent flood. The fallen leaves and decayed plants become humus which makes the soil rich and holds the rainwater.
For many years, people have not been obeying the government’s regulations. They have been cutting down the forest trees carelessly. As a result, thousands of hectares of land have become worse and the rivers will be full of mud. In the wet season there will be erosion and floods which will destroy the farm lands and villages.
1. What is the main idea of the second paragraph........?
A. Rivers are full of mud B. Lands becomes infertile
C. Floods destroy villages D. Erosions have cause floods
E. Deforestation has caused a lot of destruction
2. The following statements are the advantages of forests mentioned in the text,
A. they keep the soil fertile B. they prevent flood
C. they produce humus D. they hold rainwater
E. they produce fresh air
3. Humus is made from …….?
A. fertile soil B. brown leaves C. the root of a tree
D. a kind of artificial fertilizer E. decayed plants and leaves
4.”They are also very important to keep the soil fertile and to prevent flood.” (Paragraph 1).
The underlined word is synonymous to ……?
A. cause B. Move C. Hinder D. Change E. produce
For many years, many people believed that the cleverest animals after man were the chimpanzees. Now, however, there is proof that dolphins may be even cleverer than these big apes.
Although a dolphin lives in the sea it is not a fish. It is a mammal. It is in many ways, therefore, like a human being.
Dolphins have a simple language. They are able to talk to one another. It may be possible for man to learn how to talk to dolphins. But this will not be easy because dolphins cannot hear the kind of sounds man can make. If man wants to talk to dolphins, therefore, he will have to make a third language which both he and the dolphins can understand.
Dolphins are also very friendly toward man. They often follow ships. There are many stories about dolphins guiding ships through difficult and dangerous water.
1. The text tells us about …..?
A. fish B. Dolphins C. mammals
D. big apes E. chimpanzees
2. The fourth paragraph tells us …..?
A. how dolphins help man B. how genius the dolphins are
C. how friendly man to dolphins D. how diligent the dolphins are
E. how difficult the problems faced by dolphins
3. Which statement is TRUE...........?
A. Dolphins are fish
B. Dolphins are kind-heated animals
C. Dolphins’ sense of hearing is very sharp
D. Chimpanzees are the cleverest animals in the world
E. The big apes are regarded as the most intelligent animals.
4. The text above is in the form of …….?
A. spoof B. Report C. Recount D. Procedure E. narration
5. To tell the factual information, the writer mostly uses ……..?
A. Passive voice B. Simple Past Tense C. Present Perfect Tense
D. Simple Present Tense E. Present Continuous Tense
Silkworms live for only two or three days after laying eggs. About 36.000 to 50.000 eggs are laid, and these are carefully stored at the silkworm farm until they are ready to hatch. The eggs hatch into caterpillars, which feed on mulberry leaves. Soon the caterpillars are ready to spin their cocoons. Not all caterpillars can spin silk cocoons. Only the caterpillars of a silkworm moth known as ‘Bombyx mori’ can do such spinning.
This caterpillar has special glands which secrete liquid silk through its lower lip. The liquid produced later hardens to form fine strands. The caterpillar makes its cocoons using these strands. The threads on the outside of the cocoons are rough, while those inside are soft and smooth.
Some fully-spun cocoons are heated. This kills the pupa inside. The cocoons are then put into hot water to loosen the fine threads. Finally, these threads are reeled off the cocoons.
The length of unbroken thread produced by a single cocoon measures about one-and –a-half kilometers. Being twisted together several of these threads make single woven materials.
1. What is the purpose of the text.......?
a. To persuade readers to buy silk b. To put silk into different categories
c. To entertain readers with knowledge d. To present some points of view about silk
e. To describe how silk comes into existence
2. What type of text is this.........?
a. Recount b. Report c. Discussion d. Explanation e. Description
3. How are the threads on the outside of the cocoon.......?
a. Fine b. Soft c. Rough d. Strong e. Smooth
4. What are mulberry leaves for........?
a. Feeding caterpillars b. Spinning cocoons c. Storing threads
d. Hatching eggs e. Laying eggs
Seals, sea lions and walruses live both on land and in the sea. When on dry land or on ice, they are very clumsy in their movements. But in the water they swim gracefully. They all leave the water for land or ice fields to give birth to their young.
The dolphins and the sea cows are sea mammals. Dolphins and porpoise look alike but usually the dolphins are larger. These animals are mainly fish eaters. Experiments show that dolphins are intelligent and can communicate with each other. They can be trained to perform various kinds of tricks and acts.
The highly intelligent killer whale belongs to the dolphin family. Despite of its scary name, it has never been heard to attack human.
1. The text mainly tells us about ……..?
A. different characteristic of sea mammals
B. the difference of sea mammals community
C. the difference behavior of sea mammals
D. seals, sea loins, dolphins, sea cows and killer whales belongs to sea mammals
E. all sea mammals give birth on land
2. Seals, sea lions and walruses …….?
A. are fish eaters
B. can perform tricks
C. can communicate with one another
D. are not fish
E. are swift swimmer sea mammals
3. Which of the following statements is untrue........?
A. Dolphins are usually larger than porpoises
B. Dolphins are trained to perform various kinds of tricks and acts
C. Sea cows are sea mammals
D. Walruses lives both on land and in water
E. Porpoises can communicate with each other
4. What is the main idea for paragraph 3........?
A. Killer whale gives birth on land
B. Killer whale is an intelligent sea mammal but never attack human
C. Killer whale belongs to dolphins’ family
D. Killer whale does not kill
E. Killer whale can swim faster than dolphin
5. What is the communicative purpose of the text..........?
A. To entertain the reader
B. To retell the reader
C. To inform the sea mammals
D. To show the sea mammals
E. To describe the differences of the sea mammals
6. What type of text is used by the writer........?
D. News item
The white pelican
The white pelican is one of the most successful fish eating birds. The success is largely due to its command hunting behaviour. A group, perhaps two dozens birds, will gather in a curved are some distance offshore, beating the water furiously with their wings, driving the fish before them.
When the water is shallow enough for the birds to reach the fish, the formation breaks up as each bird dip its bill into the water to scoop up its meal. As the bird lifts its head, the water drains from its bill leaving the fish which are then swallowed.
Pelicans are among the oldest group of birds. Fossil of this genus have been founded dating back 40 millions years.
1. How do they hunt for the fish......? They do it …..
a. individually b. one by one c. in a group
d. with other mammals e. by flying around the lake
2. Why is white pelican called as the most successful fish eating bird........?
I think it’s because…..
a. it’s two dozen birds gather together b. its command hunting behaviour
c. its curved are d. it’s beating the water furiously
e. it’s killing many fish
3. How do they beat the sea water......?
a. largely b. Clearly c. furiously
d. quietly e. calmly
4. What’s the main idea of the text above......? It’s about …..
a. the death of white pelican
b. the history of white pelican
c. the breeding behaviour of white pelican
d. the hunting behaviour of white pelican
e. the killing behaviour of white pelican
5. How old was the fossil of the Pelican?
a. 20 million years
b. 30 million years
c. 40 million years
d. 50 million years
e. 60 million years
6. ….., beating the water furiously with their wings, driving the fish before them. (Paragraph 1)
The underlined word refers to……
b. white pelicans
d. a group
e. the man
7. When the water is shallow enough for the birds to reach the fish, ….. (Paragraph 2).
The underlined word has the similar meaning with…..
8. The text above is belong to ….. genre.
e. news item